The pituitary gland governs the activity of the thyroid, the suprarenal gland and the sex glands. It is known as the master gland, having the leading position among the endocrine glands. Its direct link with the central nervous system in the area of very important centres at the base of the brain, the hypothalamus, has been the subject of much research, since it appears that the pituitary gland influences all the vital processes either directly or indirectly. It also appears that, together with the thymus gland, the pituitary determines growth. Since the entire development of the sex glands and sex organs is controlled by the pituitary, a hermaphrodite condition may be attributed to impaired development or disturbed functioning of this gland. A pregnancy could never run its normal course without the cooperation of the pituitary.


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